Gender distinction in blood strain responses to dietary sodium intervention within the GenSalt examine. Long run results of dietary sodium discount on heart problems outcomes: observational comply with-up of the trials of hypertension prevention (TOHP). This assessment considers ethnicity as a subgroup of interest, given that current dietary tips advocate that people of Black ethnicity devour <1,500 mg/day of sodium ( 89 ). Nevertheless, few observational and intervention studies investigating sodium consumption and CVD risk embody ample sample sizes of Black individuals.
The relationship between sodium intake and CVD threat in men versus ladies is also evaluated in four intervention research ( Table three ). Gender-stratified evaluation of meta-evaluation information from two accomplished randomized trials signifies an almost 30% decrease in CVD danger associated with sodium reduction in women and men, however this remark was only statistically important in males ( 21 ). Evaluation of an interaction time period for gender confirmed that the effects of sodium reduction on CVD threat do not differ between women and men ( 21 ). Another trial showed a 28%-36% vital discount in trial end points, including a CVD occasion, in women and men ( 8 ). In postmenopausal women, average dietary sodium restriction lowered not only BP, but also aortic pulse wave velocity and carotid augmentation